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India is a vast South Asian country with diverse terrain – from Himalayan peaks to Indian Ocean coastline – and history reaching back 5 millennia. In the north, Mughal Empire landmarks include Delhi’s Red Fort complex and massive Jama Masjid mosque, plus Agra’s iconic Taj Mahal mausoleum. Pilgrims bathe in the Ganges in Varanasi, and Rishikesh is a yoga centre and base for Himalayan trekking.

Republic of India

Bhārat Gaṇarājya
(see other local names)
Motto: Template:Native phrase
"Truth Alone Triumphs".
Anthem: Template:Native phrase[1][2]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People".[1]
National song
Template:Native phrase
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"..[1]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green
CapitalNew Delhi
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Largest cityMumbai (city proper)
Delhi (metropolitan area)
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
National languageNone[5][6][7]
See Religion in India
MembershipUN, WTO, BRICS, SAARC, SCO, G4 nations, Group of Five, G8+5, G20, Commonwealth of Nations
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Ram Nath Kovind
Venkaiah Naidu
Sharad Arvind Bobde
Om Birla
Thawar Chand Gehlot
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
• Dominion
15 August 1947
• Republic
26 January 1950
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2. (7th)
• Water (%)
IncreaseTemplate:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (2nd)
• 2011 census
1,210,854,977[9][10] (2nd)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (19th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $12.363 trillion[11] (3rd)
• Per capita
Increase $9,027[11] (118th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.202 trillion[11] (5th)
• Per capita
Increase $2,338[11] (139th)
Gini (2013)33.9[12]
medium · 79th
HDI (2018)Increase 0.647[13]
medium · [[List of countries by Human Development Index|Template:Ordinal]]
CurrencyIndian rupee () (INR)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
DST is not observed
Date format
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd.
Driving sideleft
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet (others)
Vorder Indien 20200402.jpg

References[edit | hide all | hide | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 ^
  2. "National anthem of India: a brief on 'Jana Gana Mana'". News18. Archived from the original on 17 April 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Times News Network
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NoneNtl
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Press Trust of India
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Census2011religion
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 ^
  12. ^
  13. ^