All India Trinamool Congress

From Gyaanipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The All India Trinamool Congress (abbreviated AITC, TMC or Trinamool Congress) is an Indian political party based in West Bengal. Founded on 1 January 1998, the party is led by its founder and current Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee. Prior to the 2009 general election it was the sixth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 19 seats; following the 2014 general election, it is currently the fourth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 34 seats.

History[edit | hide all | hide | edit source]

After being a member of the Indian National Congress for over 26 years, Mamata Banerjee formed her own party of Bengal, the "Trinamool Congress", which was registered with the Election Commission of India during mid-December 1999. The Election Commission allotted to the party an exclusive symbol of Jora Ghas Phul. On 2 September 2016 election commission recognized AITC as a national political party.[1]

Nandigram movement[edit | hide | edit source]

In December 2006, the people of Nandigram were given notice by Haldia Development Authority that major portion of Nandigram would be seized and 70,000 people be evicted from their homes.[2] People started movement against this land acquisition and Trinamool Congress led the movement. Bhumi Uchchhed Pratirodh Committee (BUPC) was formed against land grabbing and eviction. On 14 March 2007 the police opened firing and killed 14 villagers. Many more went missing. Many sources claimed which was supported by CBI in its report, that armed CPM cadres, along with police, fired on protesters in Nandigram.[3] A large number of intellectuals protested on the streets and this incident gave birth to a new movement. SUCI(C) leader Nanda Patra (A school Teacher of Tamluk) led the movement.

Post-Nandigram/Singur elections[edit | hide | edit source]

In the 2009 Lok Sabha election, Trinamool Congress won 19 seats in West Bengal.

In the 2010 Kolkata municipal election, the party won 97 out of 141 seats. It also won a majority of other municipalities.

Trinamool in Tripura[edit | hide | edit source]

Under the leadership of former leader of opposition and then MLA of Tripura, Sudip Roy Barman, 6 MLAs defected from INC along with many ex ministers, ex members of legislative assembly, senior state and district leaders along with thousands of party workers and supporters who joined AITC to fight the communists in Tripura. Tripura Pradesh Trinamool Congress is working in Tripura to establish Ma Mati Manush government in Tripura. But lately, due to inefficiency and carelessness in leadership by both senior state leaders and central leaders of the party, trinamool is fast approaching towards political irrelevance in Tripura. Everyday hundreds and thousands of party workers and leaders are leaving the party, mostly joining Bharatiya Janata Party which has emerged as the main opposition party in the state. Many of trinamool's senior leaders of the state like 5 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and former President of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Surajit Dutta, 3 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and Vice-President of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Prakash Chandra Das, 2 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and former Chairman of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Ratan Chakraborty, former Member of Legislative Assembly, Deputy Speaker, Vice-President and ST face of the state unit Gauri Shankar Reang and many other senior state level leaders along with district and block level leaders and thousands of party workers have left the party and joined Bharatiya Janata Party in the last few months after being frustrated by lack of support from central leadership. Currently Trinamool is facing serious existential crisis in the state.[4]

Trinamool in Manipur[edit | hide | edit source]

In the 2012 assembly elections of Manipur, AITC won 8 seats, got 10% of the total votes & became the only opposition party in the Manipur Legislative Assembly. In the 2017 assembly elections the party won only one seat from Bishnupur & polled 5.4% of the total votes cast in the elections. It's lone Member of Legislative Assembly T. Robindro Singh supported Bharatiya Janata Party in forming government in Manipur.

Trinamool in KERALA[edit | hide | edit source]

Since 2012 the state unit is there in Kerala. Party fought in 2014 Loksabha election and 2016 Assemby election. In Assembly Election the candidates were contested without Party symbol due to technical issues.

From 2016 onwards Mr.Suresh Velayudhan(Palakkad)is leading the Party in Kerala as General Secretary.

Adv.Jose Kuttiyani ex.MLA is appointed as the state President and Mr.Shamsu Payaningal leading as state Treasurer.

Mr.Derek O'Brien MP(Rajya sabha) is the Observer of the State.
  1. "Trinamool Congress gets national party status". Indian Express. 2 September 2016.
  2. "Nandigram says 'No!' to Dow's chemical hub". International Action Center - Boston. December 2007.
  3. ^
  4. "Mamata wins Bengal civic polls, demands early elections". NDTV. 2 June 2010.