- This article was considered for deletion at Wikipedia on December 31 2015. This is a backup of Wikipedia:Andrea_Constand. All of its AfDs can be found at Wikipedia:Special:PrefixIndex/Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Andrea_Constand, the first at Wikipedia:Wikipedia:Articles_for_deletion/Andrea_Constand.
Andrea Constand is a Canadian former college basketball player and a registered massage therapist. In 2005, Constand accused American comedian Bill Cosby of an incident of sexual assault that allegedly occurred in 2004 while she was working at Temple University in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. At that time no criminal charges were laid. Her civil suit vs. Cosby was settled on a confidential basis in 2006. On December 30, 2015, however, Cosby was charged with three second degree felony counts of aggravated indecent assault as a result of the accusations made by Constand about the January 2004 incident.
- 1 Early life and college
- 2 Basketball career
- 3 Cosby accusations and lawsuits
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Early life and college[edit | hide all | hide | edit source]
Constand was born in Canada and played basketball at Albert Campbell Collegiate Institute in Toronto. After high school, Constand earned a scholarship to play basketball at the University of Arizona. Constand averaged 10 points per game in her senior season and helped the Wildcats win the NIT.
Basketball career[edit | hide | edit source]
While back in Canada, Temple University's then-new women's basketball coach, Dawn Staley, asked Constand to join her at Temple as director of operations for the women's team. In 2002, Cosby and Constand became friends in her new role. Constand attended dinner parties and private dinners at Cosby’s home in Elkins Park, a suburb of Philadelphia.
Cosby accusations and lawsuits[edit | hide | edit source]
In January 2004, Constand went over to Cosby's house in Elkins Park, Pennsylvania after a night out with friends. According to Constand, Cosby gave her pills to relax; they made her semi-conscious. Then, Cosby allegedly touched her breasts and crotch and put her hand on his penis. She further claimed that she woke up around 4 a.m. to find her clothing all over the room.
Constand returned to Canada in April 2004. However, she continued to have some contact with Cosby and allegedly took her parents to meet Cosby at an August 2004 show.
First criminal investigation[edit | hide | edit source]
In January 2005, a criminal investigation was opened by the Montgomery County Detectives in Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, where Cosby allegedly drugged and sexually molested Constand. On February 22, 2005, Montgomery County District Attorney Bruce Castor said he "finds insufficient, credible and admissible evidence exists upon which any charge against Mr. Cosby could be sustained beyond a reasonable doubt." The case was dropped at that time when the prosecutor decided not to proceed. The original complaint contained a great deal of additional information that is now available to the press.
Civil case and new accusations[edit | hide | edit source]
Constand then filed a civil claim in March 2005, with 13 women as potential witnesses if the case went to court. Cosby settled out of court for an undisclosed amount in November 2006. In a July 2005 Philadelphia Daily News interview, Beth Ferrier, one of the anonymous "Jane Doe" witnesses in the Constand case, alleged that in 1984 Cosby drugged her coffee and she awoke with her clothes partially removed.
After learning that charges were not pursued in the case, California lawyer Tamara Lucier Green, the only publicly-named woman in the prior case, came forward with allegations in February 2005 that Cosby had drugged and assaulted her in the 1970s. Cosby's lawyer said that Cosby did not know her and the events did not happen.
Unsealing of Cosby deposition[edit | hide | edit source]
On July 8, 2015, Andrea Constand and her attorney Dolores Troiani filed a motion to negate the confidentiality agreement in the 2005 case against Cosby, claiming that Cosby had already engaged in "total abandonment of the confidentiality portions of the agreement" by way of the recent, sweeping denials of all allegations against him. The motion was filed in part with the hopes of being able to release the full transcript of Cosby's previously sealed deposition. Cosby's attorneys responded that Constand had already violated the confidentiality agreement by giving an interview to the Toronto Sun, which was published the same day as Constand's filing.
The entire deposition from 2005 was released 10 days later, causing Cosby's lawyers to file a new motion in the case on July 21, 2015, asserting that Constand and Troiani may have orchestrated the release of the deposition. In the deposition, Cosby testified he obtained Quaaludes from gynecologist Leroy Amar, who knew that Cosby had no intention of taking the drugs himself. Cosby instead intended to give them to women he wanted to have sexual relations with and admitted that he had given the drug to at least one woman and other people. Cosby admitted knowing it was illegal at the time to dispense the drug to other people. Amar would later have his medical license revoked in California and New York. The judge ruled that releasing the sealed document was justified by Cosby's role as a "public moralist" in contrast to his possible criminal private behavior. On July 18, 2015 The New York Times, having obtained the complete deposition from a court reporting service (hired by Constand) which had released the document to the public domain, published a summary and excerpts. Cosby's testimony shows a history of casual sex involving use of Quaaludes with a series of young women.
In a court filing condemning the release of the deposition, Cosby's attorneys stressed that none of the testimony so far unsealed by a judge stated that he engaged in non-consensual sex or gave anyone Quaaludes without their knowledge or consent: "Reading the media accounts, one would conclude that the Defendant has admitted to rape," the document said. "And yet the Defendant admitted to nothing more than being one of the many people who introduced Quaaludes into their consensual sex life in the 1970s". Cosby's lawyers further contended that a court reporting service hired by Constand had released the 2005 court transcript to the New York Times, days earlier, in a 'massive breach of protocol'. The court reporters' code of ethics prohibits the release of testimony without all parties first being contacted.
Cosby also made further accusations that Constand had violated the confidentiality agreement, referring to vague postings on her Twitter account (including one that simply contained the word "YES!")
Troiani filed a response in which she denied that she or Constand had anything to do with the unsealing of Cosby's deposition, and continued to emphasize that it was Cosby, not Constand, who first violated the confidentiality agreement. She also referred to Cosby as a "narcissist" for assuming Constand's tweets were about him. Troiani is seeking reimbursement of legal fees from Cosby.
The case is currently being held in abeyance, pending further action in the ongoing defamation case from Tamara Green, et. al., since that lawsuit is also seeking access to formerly confidential documents in the 2005 Constand case.
2015 criminal investigation review[edit | hide | edit source]
On September 11, 2015, it was reported that the Constand case may be reopened. Cosby admitted in the unsealed civil deposition that he digitally penetrated Constand which, if non-consensual, would be grounds for a felony charge such as aggravated indecent assault. The statute of limitations on such a charge would not run out until January 2016. Constand's original complaint only referenced misdemeanor-level offenses, which have a two-year statute of limitations. Several legal experts, including former prosecutors and at least one former deputy Attorney General, have said the case could be reopened and possibly tried in light of this and other additional evidence that had surfaced in the past year. The non-disclosure agreement reached in her 2006 settlement with Cosby would likely not bar Constand from testifying against him. Montgomery County District Attorney Risa Vetri Ferman would neither confirm nor deny whether her office was reconsidering the case her predecessor closed a decade ago. However, she said: "I believe prosecutors have a responsibility to review past conclusions, whether their own or a predecessor's, when current information might lead to a different decision." Some speculated that Ferman would not try the case due to the risk of losing, and that the outcome may risk her chances of a Judgeship when her tenure runs out shortly after the statute of limitations on the Constand case.
On September 22, 2015, lawyer Edwin Jacobs said that Cosby's agents had contacted him in the past few days about a pending criminal investigation in Montgomery County. Jacobs, who had represented Cosby in a review of Lili Bernard's complaint in New Jersey, said he referred Cosby's agents to another high-profile Philadelphia-area lawyer who declined to comment. Montgomery County District Attorney Risa Vetri Ferman again still remained silent when asked if an investigation had been re-opened in the Andrea Constand Case. Constand's lawyer said she would cooperate in the new investigation if asked. "She's a very strong lady," lawyer Dolores Troiani said Tuesday. "She'll do whatever they request of her."
On October 27, 2015 it was confirmed, from reliable sources, that an open criminal sexual assault investigation into the Constand case had been re-opened shortly after Cosby's deposition was released to the press during the summer. And that investigators had re-interviewed Constand as well as other alleged victims and witness's. Constand has stated that she would stop cooperating if the original Prosecutor Bruce Castor, whom she is suing for defamation, is re-elected and assigned to the case."The logical consequence of his actions is she has lost confidence in him," Troiani says. "He just doesn't seem to understand words have consequences. He's saying a victim of a crime should be afraid of him and now he wants her to trust him to be a witness for him?"
2015 District Attorney race and defamation lawsuit[edit | hide | edit source]
Bruce Castor, the District Attorney in charge of investigating Constand's original claim, decided to run for the position again after leaving office in 2008. Running against him was Democrat Kevin Steele, the current Assistant District Attorney. Steele used the controversy in a campaign ad that criticized Castor for "not even trying" to perform a thorough investigation against Cosby. The local off-year election in a community of 800,000 residents gained international attention. Steele won the election with 89,718 votes to Castor's 72,574.
The new focus on Cosby's alleged sexual assaults forced Castor to respond to questions about his decision not to charge Cosby in 2004. He defended his actions by suggesting that Constand's story had been inconsistent, making her an unreliable witness. Because of this, Constand sued Castor for one count of defamation; and one count of false light and invasion of privacy, asking for more than $150,000 for each offense. "Instead of correcting his error, [Castor] chose to make plaintiff collateral damage for his political ambitions," Constand said in her complaint. Castor responded, "It’s highly suspect that this entire incident is being brought out right before an election." Constand's attorney went on saying Castor was treating her as "political collateral" and suggesting that if Castor were elected, Constand would not cooperate in the re-opened criminal investigation against Cosby. In an open letter she issued in response to his comments, she said she believes he had "no intention of arresting Dr. Huxtable" in 2005 because he was running for governor.
2015 Criminal charge[edit | hide | edit source]
The then-District Attorney-elect Steele announced that he would be laying a felony charge against Cosby on December 30, 2015 in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, days before he officially took office. There was some urgency since the criminal statute of limitations in the case would expire after 12 years, at the beginning of January 2016.
As Steele had promised, the only criminal charges as a result of the allegations of sexual assault against Cosby by many women were laid that day, December 30, 2015, in relation to the accusation that had been made by Constand a decade earlier. The criminal court documents allege that Benadryl or some other unidentified substance was used during the January 2004 incident.
Cosby appeared in court on December 30, 2015 to face the three second degree felony counts of aggravated indecent assault without entering a plea, arranged for bail, and was formally charged that afternoon. Testimony from the Constand's civil suit had been reviewed by that time and the file was said to contain new information. Cosby had testified that the sexual contact was consensual. However, according to an article in People (a Time Inc. publication) Constand's lawyer Dolores Troiani referred to Cosby "as a narcissist who didn't realize Constand (who was in a relationship with a woman at the time of the alleged assault) is gay" in a 2015 filing during a defamation lawsuit by Cosby vs. Constand. If that information is correct, it is unlikely that Cosby's allegation of consensual activity was believed during the negotiations in the civil suit about the alleged sexual molestation.
Cosby's attorney issued the following statement after the arraignment: "The charge ... came as no surprise, filed 12 years after the alleged incident and coming on the heels of a hotly contested election for this county's DA during which this case was made the focal point. ... We intend to mount a vigorous defense against this unjustified charge and we expect that Mr. Cosby will be exonerated by a court of law."
References[edit | hide | edit source]
- Woolf, Nicky (December 30, 2015). "Bill Cosby cuts a frail figure on a day many thought would never come". Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "Prosecutors end Cosby investigation". CNN. February 22, 2005.
- Chokshi, Niraj (December 30, 2015). "'Taste the wine': What prosecutors say Bill Cosby did, in graphic". Washington Post. Washington, DC. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- CNN, Library (July 3, 2014). "Bill Cosby Fast Facts". CNN. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- McDonald, Soraya Nadia (October 31, 2014). "Is the world starting to turn against Bill Cosby?". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Woman Details Alleged Cosby Sex Assault". Foxnews.com. June 24, 2005. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Fiorillo, Victor (November 17, 2014). "Q&A: New Bill Cosby Accuser Joan Tarshis". Philadelphia. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- Carter, Bill (November 14, 2014). "Cosby Is Off Another Show as Rape Accusations Swirl". The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- Leopold, Todd (November 12, 2014). "Rape allegations won't go away for Bill Cosby". CNN. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
- "Plaintiff Rebuts Cosby Allegation of Settlement Breach". The Legal Intelligencer. July 29, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "Bill Cosby sex case: Toronto woman speaks to Sun". Toronto Sun. July 8, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "Bill Cosby calls for court sanctions against accuser in sexual assault case". The Guardian. July 22, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- "Bill Cosby's lawyer: Deposition shouldn't have been released, was 'misinterpreted'". Fox8. July 22, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2015.
- Moghe, Sonia. "Cosby deposition: Quaaludes came from L.A. gynecologist". CNN. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
- Dale, Maryclaire (July 7, 2015). "Cosby admitted in 2005 to getting sedatives to give to women he sought sex with". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
- Graham Bowley and Sydney Ember (July 20, 2015). "Uncertainty on Whether Cosby Revelations Could Hurt Him in Court". The New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
In a statement, The Times said it had obtained the transcript legally. "The judge in the case had declined in 2005 to enter a confidentiality order making the depositions confidential so there was no court order sealing the testimony, then or now," it said. "Once we obtained the transcript, we were free to report on Mr. Cosby’s testimony.
- Graham Bowley and Sydney Ember (July 18, 2015). "Bill Cosby, in Deposition, Said Drugs and Fame Helped Him Seduce Women". The New York Times. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
...he presented himself in the deposition as an unapologetic, cavalier playboy, someone who used a combination of fame, apparent concern and powerful sedatives in a calculated pursuit of young women….
- "Bill Cosby's Original Accuser Andrea Constand Calls Him a 'Narcissist' Who Missed Cues That She's Gay". People. July 28, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "Cosby Accuser Is Gay, Breaks Silence in Court Motion Refuting His Self-Described Romantic Skills". People. July 29, 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- "Time hasn't run out on possible charges against Cosby in Pa". September 11, 2015.
- New Campaign Ad Criticizes Pennsylvania Prosecutor for How He Handled the Bill Cosby Case in 2005, October 20, 2015, retrieved November 17, 2015
- Bill Cosby could face charges after DA election in suburban Philadelphia, November 4, 2015, retrieved November 17, 2015
- Election 2015: Steele defeats Castor in Montco DA race, November 4, 2015, retrieved November 17, 2015
- "Cosby Accuser Sues Former Montco DA". The Legal Intelligencer. October 26, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- "Bill Cosby seeking defense lawyer for criminal probe". September 23, 2015.
- Woolf, Nicky (December 30, 2015). "Bill Cosby cuts a frail figure on a day many thought would never come". Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- name=Castillo >^