Anita Desai

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Anita Desai, born Anita Mazumdar (born 24 June 1937) is an Indian novelist and the Emerita John E. Burchard Professor of Humanities at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[1][2] As a writer she has been shortlisted for the Booker Prize three times.[2] She received a Sahitya Akademi Award in 1978 for her novel Fire on the Mountain, from the Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters.[3] She won the British Guardian Prize for The Village by the Sea.[4]

Early life[edit | hide all | hide | edit source]

Desai was born in 1937 in Mussoorie, India, to a German mother, Toni Nime, and a Bengali businessman, D. N. Mazumdar.[5][6]

She grew up speaking German at home and Bengali, Urdu, Hindi and English outside the house. However, she did not visit Germany until later in life as an adult. She first learned to read and write in English at school and as a result, English became her "literary language". She began to write in English at the age of seven and published her first story at the age of nine.[5]

She was a student at Queen Mary's Higher Secondary School in Delhi and received her B.A. in English literature in 1957 from the Miranda House of the University of Delhi. The following year she married Ashvin Desai, the director of a computer software company and author of the book Between Eternities: Ideas on Life and The Cosmos.[7]

They have four children, including Booker Prize-winning novelist Kiran Desai. Her children were taken to Thul (near Alibagh) for weekends, where Desai set her novel The Village by the Sea.[7][5] For that work she won the 1983 Guardian Children's Fiction Prize, a once-in-a-lifetime book award judged by a panel of British children's writers.[4]

Career[edit | hide | edit source]

Desai published her first novel, Cry The Peacock, in 1963. She considers Clear Light of Day (1980) her most autobiographical work as it is set during her coming of age and also in the same neighbourhood in which she grew up.[8]

In 1984, she published In Custody – about an Urdu poet in his declining days – which was shortlisted for the Booker Prize. In 1993, she became a creative writing teacher at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[9]

The 1999 Booker Prize finalist novel Fasting Feasting increased her popularity. Her novel, The Zigzag Way, set in 20th-century Mexico, appeared in 2004 and her latest collection of short stories, The Artist of Disappearance was published in 2011.[10]

Desai has taught at Mount Holyoke College, Baruch College and Smith College. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and of Girton College, Cambridge (to which she dedicated Baumgartner's Bombay).[11]

Film[edit | hide | edit source]

In 1993, her novel In Custody was adapted by Merchant Ivory Productions into an English film by the same name, directed by Ismail Merchant, with a screenplay by Shahrukh Husain.[12] It won the 1994 President of India Gold Medal for Best Picture and stars Shashi Kapoor, Shabana Azmi and Om Puri.

Awards[1][edit | hide | edit source]

Selected works[1][edit | hide | edit source]

References[edit | hide | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ^
  2. 2.0 2.1 ^
  3. ^
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Guardian children's fiction prize relaunched: Entry details and list of past winners",, 12 March 2001; retrieved 5 August 2012.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 ^
  6. ^
  7. 7.0 7.1 Dr. Kajal Thakur. Man-Woman Bonding In Socio-Cultural Indian Concept. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-1-329-13103-3.
  8. Elizabeth Ostberg. "Notes on the Biography of Anita Desai" Archived 20 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Template:Page needed
  10. ^
  11. Baumgartner's Bombay, Penguin, 1989.
  12. Anita Desai on IMDb
  13. ^

Sources[edit | hide | edit source]

  • Abrams, M. H. and Stephen Greenblatt. "Anita Desai". The Norton Anthology of English Literature, Vol. 2C, 7th Edition. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000: 2768 – 2785.
  • Alter, Stephen and Wimal Dissanayake. "A Devoted Son by Anita Desai". The Penguin Book of Modern Indian Short Stories. New Delhi, Middlesex, New York: Penguin Books, 1991: 92–101.
  • Gupta, Indra. India's 50 Most Illustrious Women. (ISBN 81-88086-19-3)
  • Selvadurai, Shyam (ed.). "Anita Desai:Winterscape". Story-Wallah: A Celebration of South Asian Fiction. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005:69–90.
  • Nawale, Arvind M. (ed.). "Anita Desai's Fiction: Themes and Techniques". New Delhi: B. R. Publishing Corporation, 2011.