People's Republic of Bangladesh
and largest city
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|Official language |
and national language
|Ethnic groups |
|Membership||UN, WTO, SAARC, BIMSTEC, IMCTC, OIC, Commonwealth of Nations|
|Syed Mahmud Hossain|
|26 March 1971|
|16 December 1971|
|16 December 1972|
• Water (%)
• Template:UN Population estimate
|Template:UN PopulationTemplate:UN Population (8th)|
• 2011 census
|GDP (PPP)||2020 estimate|
|$917.805 billion (29th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2020 estimate|
|$347.991 billion (39th)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2018)|| 0.614|
medium · [[List of countries by Human Development Index|Template:Ordinal]]
|Currency||Bangladeshi taka (|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (BST)|
|Date format||dd-mm-yyyy AD|
|ISO 3166 code||BD|
Listen to Bangladesh is a sovereign state in South Asia. The constitutional name of Bangladesh is People's Republic of Bangladesh. Geographically, West Bengal lies west of India, West Bengal on the north, Assam and Meghalaya, Assam on the eastern border, Tripura Mizoram, Myanmar's Chin and Rakhine states on the southeast border and the Bay of Bengal on the south coast. The terrain is located. The rivers flow over Bangladesh's territory to the international level. The northeast and southeast of Bangladesh are covered by hills of Tarshiyari era. Cox's Bazar beach is located in Bangladesh, the largest mangrove forest in the world and the longest natural beach.
Bengal, Pundra, Gaur, Gangadhidi, Samatat and Horikelnamam populations were established in the region of Bangladesh during ancient and classical times of South Asia. The region was a province of the Mauryan Empire during the Mauryan period. The towns were famous for their navy and maritime trade. Moslems and silks were exported to the Middle East and the Roman Empire. In the first millennium, the Pala empire, the Chandra dynasty and the Sen dynasty were formed in the center of Bangladesh. After the conquest of Bakhtiyar Khalji, Islam spread to the region during the Sultanate and Mughal period.
During the Mughal period, 12 per cent of the world's total production (GDP) was produced in Subah Bengal, which was higher than the GDP of Western Europe at that time.  Bangladesh Territory from 1 to 5 was part of Presidency Bengal. After the partition of India of 9, Bangladesh became part of the newly formed Pakistan Empire called East Bengal (3-5; East Pakistan, 1-3). East Bengal was established as an independent and sovereign nation in the 5th century through the democratic and armed struggle of India with the help of various political, cultural and economic exploitation, discrimination and oppression of West Pakistan. Drought and natural disasters have occurred in poverty-stricken Bangladesh since independence; Also, the prolonged political instability and recurrent military coup have repeatedly disrupted the country's overall political stability. In the mid-nineties, the parliamentary system was restored through the anti-autocratic movement, which has continued to this day. Despite all the adversities, the economic progress and prosperity of Bangladesh has been recognized all over the world in the last two decades.
Bangladesh is the eighth largest country in the world in population, though it is the 5th largest in the world. Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in the world after 9 small islands and cities. The pre-eminent population of this small-scale country, which is less than 1,000 square miles, is more than 3 million, ie, per population per square mile, (1 per square kilometer).  Bengali is the mother tongue of 5 percent of the country's population. Literacy rate among the town people is 42%.
The gross domestic product (GDP) of Bangladesh at the current market price during FY06 was Tk 22,3.6 billion [US $ 20.25 billion], which will increase to US $ 28.22 billion in FY-6. It has been estimated that the average annual income per capita of the people of Bangladesh in the fiscal year 0-5 was $ 1,212. The government estimates that per capita income will rise to Tk 8,8 or $ 1 lakh 8,212 in the fiscal year 0-6. Percent. This developing country has been on the list of "next eleventh" economies, achieving economic growth at an annualized rate of 5 to 8.2 percent for almost two decades. The expansion of the capital Dhaka and other cities serves as the driving force for this improvement in Bangladesh. Its focus has been the accelerated development of an aspiring middle class and the emergence of a capable and active entrepreneurial class. Bangladesh's export-oriented garment industry is especially famous all over the world. Manpower export is also one of the economic pillars of the country. The World Bank estimates that Bangladesh's economy will grow at an average rate of 6.5 percent per year during these two financial years.
In the fertile basin of the Ganges-Brahmaputra, the country receives seasonal floods almost every year; And cyclones are a very common phenomenon. The main problem of this low income country is that poverty has been under control for the last two decades, literacy rate has increased rapidly, birth control has been achieved with unprecedented success. In addition, Bangladesh has been able to make exemplary progress on the International Human Resource Development Index.  However, Bangladesh still faces some significant challenges, including widespread family dilemmas, political and administrative corruption, economic competition in the context of globalization and rising sea levels as a result of climate change. Go away Ka. Moreover, social divide has been created in the form of an acceptable electoral system.
The system of parliamentary democratic government is prevalent in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is a founding member of the South Asian Regional Cooperation Organization and BIMSTEC. In addition, the country is an active member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the World Customs Agency, the Commonwealth of Nations, six developing countries, the Non-Aligned Movement, the OIC, and so on.
- "Article 3. The state language". The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd. Ministry of Law, The People's Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
- Data Archived 4 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Census – Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.