Maharana Pratap Singh Sisodia (Jyeshtha Shukla Tritiya Sunday Vikram Samvat 1597 accordingly, 9 May 1580 - 14 January 1597) was the king of the Sisodia Rajput dynasty at Udaipur, Mewar. His name is immortal for valor and determination in history. He did not accept the subjection of the Mughal emperor Akbar and struggled for many years. Maharana Pratap Singh also defeated the Mughals many times in battle.
Original short description: "13Th Maharana of Mewar"
|13th Maharana of Mewar|
Pratap Singh I in a painting by Raja Ravi Varma
|Maharana of Mewar|
|Reign||1 March 1572 – |
19 January 1597
|Predecessor||Udai Singh II|
|Successor||Amar Singh I|
|Born||9 May 1540|
(Present day:Kumbhal Fort, Rajsamand District, Rajasthan, India)
|Died||19 January 1597 (aged 56)|
(Present day:Chavand, Udaipur District, Rajasthan, India)
|Spouse||Maharani Ajabde (consort)|
|Issue||Amar Singh I|
|Father||Udai Singh II|
|Mother||Maharani Jaiwanta Bai|
He was born in Kumbhalgarh, present-day Rajasthan, to Maharana Uday Singh and mother Rani Jaywant Kanwar. According to author James Tod, Maharana Pratap was born in Kumbhalgarh, Mewar. According to historian Vijay Nahar, Maharana Pratap was born in the palaces of Pali according to the tradition of Rajput society and Maharana Pratap's birth chart and census.     , in the Haldighati war of 158 Taking 500 Bhils with him, Rana Pratap faced the army of 70,000 of Amer Sardar King Mansingh. The contribution of Bhil Sardar Rana Punja ji in Haldighati war was commendable. You were saved by Jhala Mansingh, who was surrounded by the enemy army, and asked Maharana to leave the battle ground. Shakti Singh saved Maharana by giving his horse. Dear Ashwa Chetak also died. This war lasted only for one day but it killed 14,000 people. Akbar made all efforts to win Mewar. Maharana's condition worsened day by day. Bhamashah also became immortal by giving a grant worth 25 years to 12,000 soldiers.
Birth place[edit | hide all | hide | edit source]
There are two assumptions on the question of the birthplace of Maharana Pratap. The first Maharana Pratap was born in the Kumbhalgarh fort because Maharana Udai Singh and Jayavantabai were married in the Kumbhalgarh palace. The second belief is that the birth took place in the palaces of Pali. Maharana Pratap's mother's name was Jayavanta Bai, daughter of Sonagara Akhairaj of Pali. Maharana Pratap was called Kika in his childhood. According to author Vijay Nahar's book Hinduva Surya Maharana Pratap, Uday Singh was surrounded by war and insecurity when Pratap was born. Kumbhalgarh was not safe in any way. Raja Maldev of Jodhpur was the most powerful in North India in those days. And Jayavanta Bai's father and son of Soni, Sonegra Akheraj Maldev was a trusted feudal and general. For this reason Pali and Marwar were safe in every way. Hence Jayavanta Bai was sent to Pali. V. No. Jyestha Shukla Tritiya No. 1597 Pratap was born in Pali Marwar. On receiving the good news of Pratap's birth, Uday Singh's army started the march and won the victory against Banveer in the Mavali war and took possession of the throne of Chittor. According to the book Maharana Pratap's principal aide, Devendra Singh Shaktawat, a retired officer of the Indian Administrative Service, the birthplace of Maharana Pratap is present in the remains of the fortress of Maharao at Juni Kachari Pali. The temple of Kuldevi Naganachi of Sonagar is still safe. According to the book, according to the old traditions, the first son of a girl is in her pir. According to historian Arjun Singh Shekhawat, the birth chart of Maharana Pratap is from the old dayman system from midnight 12/17 to 12/57 from the time of birth. It is important to know the clear sun on Sunrise 0/0 built on 5/51 Palma, this gives birthright favored. If this horoscope had happened in Chittor or some place of Mewar, the amount of sunlight in the morning would have been different. The early morning sunrise sign is similar to Kala Vikala Pali, made by the old method of location counting by Pandit. Dr. Hukm Singh Bhati's book Sonagara Sanchora Chauhan's history 1987 and historian Muhta Nainasi's book Khyatmarwar Ra Pargana Ri is also clear in the past "Kali Javantabai of Pali's well-known Thakur Akheraj Sonagara, V. No. 1597, Jestha Sudi 3 from sunrise on Sunday, 47 The clock turned 13, gave birth to such a resplendent child. Blessed is this land of Pali who gave birth to a gem like Pratap. "
Life[edit | hide | edit source]
Rana Uday Singh's second queen Dheerbai, known as Rani Bhatiyani in the history of the state, wanted to make her son Kunwar Jagmal the successor of Mewar. As a successor to Pratap, Jagmal goes into the camp of Akbar as a protest.
Maharana Pratap's first coronation takes place in Gogunda on 28 February 1572, but Rana Pratap's second coronation took place in Kumbhalgarh fort in 1572 AD, as a legal act, Rao Chandrasen, the Rathore ruler of Jodhpur was present in the second coronation.
Rana Pratap had a total of 11 marriages in his life. The names of his wives and his sons and daughters received from him are: -
Queen Ajabde Panwar: - Amarsingh and Bhagwandas Amarbai Rathore: - Natha Shemati Bai Hada: -Pura Alamdebai Chauhan: - Jaswant Singh Ratnavati Bai Parmar: -Mal, Gaja, Klingu Lakhabai: - Raibhana Jasobai Chauhan: -Kalyandas Champabai Janthi: - Kalla, Sanwaldas and Durjan Singh Solankhinipur Bai: - Sasha and Gopal Phulbai Rathore: - Chanda and Shikha Khichar Ashabai: - Hathi and Ram Singh The most interesting fact in the reign of Maharana Pratap is that the Mughal emperor Akbar wanted to bring Pratap under his control without war, so Akbar appointed four ambassadors to convince Pratap, in which Jalal Khan first entered the camp of Pratap in September 1572 AD. , In this sequence Mansingh (in 1573 AD), Bhagwandas (in September, 1573 AD) and Raja Todarmal (December 1573 AD) arrived to explain Pratap, but Rana Pratap Sector disappointed around, such Rana Pratap refused to accept the authority of the Mughals which resulted in his war Haldighati.
References[edit | hide | edit source]
- Köpping, Klaus-Peter; Leistle, Bernhard; Rudolph, Michael, eds. (2006). Ritual and Identity: Performative Practices as Effective Transformations of Social Reality. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 286. ISBN 978-3-82588-042-2. Archived from the original on 12 April 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2017.