Pakistan

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Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Flag of Pakistan
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
State emblem
Motto: Īmān, Ittihād, Nazam
Template:Native name
"Faith, Unity, Discipline" [2]
Land controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; land claimed but not controlled shown in light green
Land controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; land claimed but not controlled shown in light green
CapitalIslamabad
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Largest cityKarachi
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Official languages
Recognised regional languages
National languagesUrdu[11][12]
Auxiliary languagesArabic[13]
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)Pakistan
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Arif Alvi
Imran Khan
Sadiq Sanjrani
Asad Qaiser
Asif Saeed Khan Khosa
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence 
• Dominion
14 August 1947
23 March 1956
14 August 1973
Area
• Total
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2.[17] (33rd)
• Water (%)
2.86
Population
• 2017 census
Increase212,742,631[18] (5th)
• Density
Template:Convinfobox/prisec2 (56th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.195 trillion[19] (24th)
• Per capita
Increase $5,839[19] (133rd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $278.019 billion[19] (40th)
• Per capita
Decrease $1,357[19] (148th)
Gini (2015)33.5[20]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.562[21]
medium · 150th
CurrencyPakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zoneUTC+5b (PST)
Driving sideleft[22]
Calling code+92
ISO 3166 codePK
Internet TLD.pk
  1. See also Pakistani English.:
  2. ^ The Arabic language is officially recognised by the constitution of Pakistan.[13]
  1. James Minahan (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. "SC orders immediate implementation of Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  5. "Pakistan to replace English with Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
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  7. ^
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  9. ^
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  13. 13.0 13.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CP/31
  14. "Pakistan" The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency.
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Article_2
  16. ^
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  18. ^
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. Miguel Loureiro (28 July 2005). "Driving—the good, the bad and the ugly". Daily Times. Pakistan. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2014.